15 When one of those who sat at table with him heard this, he said to him, "Blessed is he who shall eat bread in the kingdom of God!" 16 But he said to him, "A man once gave a great banquet, and invited many; 17 and at the time for the banquet he sent his servant to say to those who had been invited, `Come; for all is now ready.' 18 But they all alike began to make excuses. The first said to him, `I have bought a field, and I must go out and see it; I pray you, have me excused.' 19 And another said, `I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to examine them; I pray you, have me excused.' 20 And another said, `I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.' 21 So the servant came and reported this to his master. Then the householder in anger said to his servant, `Go out quickly to the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in the poor and maimed and blind and lame.' 22 And the servant said, `Sir, what you commanded has been done, and still there is room.' 23 And the master said to the servant, `Go out to the highways and hedges, and compel people to come in, that my house may be filled. 24 For I tell you, none of those men who were invited shall taste my banquet.'"
Meditation: What does it mean to "eat bread in the kingdom
of heaven"? In the ancient world the most notable sign of favor
and intimate friendship was the invitation to "share bread" at the
dinner table. Who you ate with showed who you valued and trusted
as your friends. A great banquet would involve a lavish meal of
several courses and a large company of notable guests and friends.
One of the most beautiful images of heaven in the scriptures is
the royal wedding celebration and banquet given by the King for
his son and friends. We, in fact, have been invited to the
most important banquet of all! The last book in the Bible ends
with an invitation to the wedding feast of the Lamb and his Bride,
the church: The Spirit and the Bride say, Come! (Revelations
22:17). The 'Lamb of God' is the Lord Jesus Christ and his bride
is the people he has redeemed by his own precious blood which was
shed upon the cross for our salvation.
Making light of the Lord's gracious invitation to feast at his table
Jesus' "banquet parable" must have startled his audience. If a great lord or king invited his friends to a banquet, why would the guests turn down his invitation? A great banquet would take many days to prepare. And personal invitations would be sent out well in advance to the guests, so they would have plenty of time to prepare for the upcoming event. How insulting for the invited guests to then refuse when the time for celebrating came! They made light of the King's request because they put their own interests above his.
Excuses that hold us back from pursuing the things of God
Jesus probes the reasons why people make excuses to God's great invitation to "eat bread" with him at his banquet table. The first excuse allows the claims of one's personal business or work to take precedence over God's claim. Do you allow any task or endeavor to absorb you so much that it keeps you from the thought of God? The second excuse allows our possessions to come before God. Do you allow the media and other diversions to crowd out time for God in daily prayer and worship? The third excuse puts home and family ahead of God. God never meant for our home and relationships to be used selfishly. We serve God best when we invite him into our work, our homes, and our personal lives and when we share our possessions with others.
An invitation of undeserved grace and favor
The second part of the story focuses on those who had no claim on the king and who would never have considered getting such an invitation. The "poor, maimed, blind, and lame" represent the outcasts of society - those who can make no claim on the King. There is ample room at the feast of God even for outsiders from the highways and hedges - the Gentiles who were not members of the chosen people, the Jews. This is certainly an invitation of grace - undeserved, unmerited favor and kindness. But this invitation also contains a warning for those who refuse it or who approach the wedding feast unworthily. Grace is a free gift, but it is also an awesome responsibility.
God's grace is free and costly
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a German pastor who died for his faith under the Nazi persecution of Jews and Christians, contrastedcheap grace andcostly grace: "Cheap grace is the grace we bestow on ourselves... the preaching of forgiveness without requiring repentance... grace without discipleship, grace without the cross, grace without Jesus Christ, living and incarnate... Costly grace is the Gospel which must be sought again and again, the gift which must be asked for, the door at which a man must knock. Such grace is costly because it calls us to follow Jesus Christ. It is costly because it costs a man his life, and it is grace because it gives a man the only true life."
God lavishes his grace upon each one of us to draw us closer to himself and he invites each of us to his banquet that we may share more deeply in his joy. Are you ready to feast at the Lord's banquet table?
1 O LORD, my heart is not lifted up, my eyes are not raised too high; I do not occupy myself with things too great and too marvelous for me.
2 But I have calmed and quieted my soul, like a child quieted at its mother's breast; like a child that is quieted is my soul.
3 O Israel, hope in the LORD from this time forth and for evermore.
Daily Quote from the Early Church Fathers: The heavenly food of Jesus' word, by Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD)
"The holy agape is the sublime and saving creation of the
Lord... An agape is in reality heavenly food, a banquet of the
Word. The agape, or love, 'bears all things, endures all things,
hopes all things. Love never fails (1 Corinthians 13:8). 'Blessed
is he who eats bread in the kingdom of God' (Luke 14:15). The most
unlikely of all downfalls is charity that does not fail to be
thrown down from heaven to earth among all these dainty
seasonings. Do you still imagine that I refer to a meal that will
be destroyed? (1 Corinthians 6:13) 'If I distribute my goods to
the poor and do not have love,' Scripture says, 'I am nothing' (1
Corinthians 13:3). The whole law and the word depend on this love
(Matthew 22:40). If you love the Lord your God and your neighbor
(Mark 12:30-31), there will be a heavenly feast in heaven. The
earthly feast, as we have proved from Scripture, is called a
supper. It is permeated with love yet is not identified with it
but is an expression of mutual and generous good will." (excerpt
from CHRIST THE EDUCATOR 2,1)